Resources: 19th-Century Russian Music


(Caricature of the Moguchaya Kuchka by Konstantin Makovsky—1871)


Useful Links:

Beginner’s Russian Online

Evening Course Russian (Stanford Language Institute, Dublin)

Evening Course Russian (Trinity College Dublin)

Oxford Music Online

Russian Biographical Dictionary

Tchaikovsky Research


Bibliography (Russian Music):

Abraham, Gerald, ‘The Elements of Russian Music’, Music and Letters, 9/1 (1928), 51–58

Asafev, B. V., Russian Music from the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century, trans. by Alfred J. Swan  (Michigan: J. W. Edwards, 1953)

Brayley, Hodgetts E. A., The Court of Russia in the Nineteenth Century (Edinburgh: Elibron, 2000)

Campbell, Stuart, Russians on Russian Music 1830–1880: An Anthology (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006)

Campbell, Stuart, Russians on Russian Music 1880–1917: An Anthology (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003)

Franck, Joseph, Through the Russian Prism: Essays on Literature and Culture (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1990)

Frolova-Walker, Marina, ‘All Russian Music is so Sad: Two Constructions of the Russian Soul, through Literature and Music’, Musicology and Sister Disciplinary: Past, Present, Future: Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of the International Musicological Society, ed. by David Grear (London: Oxford University Press, 2000)

Frolova-Walker, Marina, Russian Music and Nationalism: From Glinka to Stalin (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2007)

Khannanov, Ildar Damirovich, Russian Methodology of Musical Form and Analysis (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of California Santa Barbara, December 2003)

Maes, Francis, A History of Russian Music From Kamarinskaya to Babi Yar, trans. by Arnold J. Pomerans and Erica Pomerans (California: California Press, 2002)

Mosse, W. E., Aleksandr II and the Modernisation of Russia (London and New York:  I. B. Tauris, 1992)

Norris, Geoffrey, and Stephen Muir, ‘Russia’, in The Oxford Companion to Music, ed. by Alison Latham, Oxford Music Online. <>

Ridenour, Robert C., Nationalism, Modernism and Personal Rivalry in Nineteenth-Century Russian Music (Michigan: UMI Research Press, 1981)

Ritzarev, Marina, Eighteenth-Century Russian Music (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006)

Samson, Jim, ed., The Cambridge History of Nineteenth-Century Music (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001)

Taruskin, Richard, Defining Russia Musically (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2000)

Taruskin, Richard, ‘Entoiling the Falconet: Russian Musical Orientalism in Context’, Cambridge Opera Journal, 4/3 (1992), 253–280

Taruskin, Richard, ‘How the Acorn Took Root: A Tale of Russia’, 19th-Century Music, 6/3 (1983), 189–212

Taruskin, Richard, On Russian Music (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2009)

Taruskin, Richard, ‘Russian Musical Orientalism: A Postscript’, Cambridge Opera Journal, 6/1 (1994), 81–84

Taruskin, Richard, Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works through Mavra I (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1996)


Bibliography (Tchaikovsky):

Abraham, Gerald,Tchaikovsky: A Symposium, Music of the Masters Series (London: Lindsay Drummond, 1946)

 Abraham, Gerald, Tchaikovsky: Some Centennial Reflections’, Music and Letters, 21/2 (1940), 110–119

Balakirev, Mily and Pyotr Il’yich Tchaikovsky, Perepiska M. A. Balakirev i P. I. Chajkovskij (1868–1891). (St Petersburg: Yu. G. Tsimmerman, 1912)

Brown, David, ‘Balakirev, Tchaikovsky and Nationalism’, Music and Letters, 42/3 (1961), 227–241

Brown, David,  Tchaikovsky (London: Dent, 1973)

Brown, David,  ‘Tchaikovsky and Tolstoy’, Music and Letters, 55/3 (1974), 307–316

Brown, David, Tchaikovsky Remembered (London: Faber and Faber, 1993)

Brown, David, Tchaikovsky: The Crisis Years 1874–1878 (London: Gollancz, 1982)

Brown, David, Tchaikovsky: A Bibliographical and Critical Study; The Early Years 1840–1874 (New York: W. W. Norton, 1978)

Brown, David, Tchaikovsky: The Final Years 1885–1893 (London: W. W. Norton, 1992)

Brown, David, Tchaikovsky: The Man and His Music (New York: Pegasus, 2007)

Brown, David, Tchaikovsky: The Years of Wandering 1878–1885 (London: Gollancz, 1986)

Calvocoressi, Michel-Dmitri, ‘The Correspondence between Balakirev and Tchaikovsky’, The Musical Times, 52/837 (1912), 712–715

Dolzhansky, Alexander Naumovich, Symphonic Music of Tchaikovsky: Selected Works (Simfonicheskaya muzïka Chaykovskogo izbrannïe proizvedeniya), (Leningrad: Leningrad Branch, 1981)

Holden, Anthony, Tchaikovsky (London and New York: Bantam Press, 1995)

Jackson, Timothy L., ‘Aspects of Sexuality and Structure in the Later Symphonies of Tchaikovsky’, Music Analysis, 14/1 (1995), 3–25

Jackson, Timothy L., Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 6 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999)

Newmarch, Rosa Harriet Jeaffreson, Tchaikovsky: His Life and Works, With Extracts from His Writings, and The Diary of His Tour Abroad in 1888 (New York: The Bodley Head, 1900)

Norris, Geoffrey, ‘Tchaikovsky and the Eighteenth Century’, The Musical Times, 118/1615 (1977), 715–716

Norris, Gerald, Stanford, the Cambridge Jubilee and Tchaikovsky (London: David & Charles, 1980)

Orlova, Alexandra, Tchaikovsky: A Self-Portrait, trans. by R. M. Davison (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1990)

Orlova, Alexandra and David Brown, ‘Tchaikovsky: The Last Chapter’, Music and Letters, 62/2 (1981), 125–145

Poznansky, Alexander, Pyotr Tchaikovsky: A Biography (Saint Petersburg: Vita Nova, 2010)

Poznansky, Alexander,Tchaikovsky’s Last Days: A Documentary Study (Oxford: Clarendon, 1996)

Poznansky, Alexander, ‘Tchaikovsky: The Man Behind the Myth’, The Musical Times, 136/1826 (1995), 175–182

Poznansky, Alexander, Tchaikovsky: The Quest for the Inner Man (London: Lime Tree, 1993)

Poznansky, Alexander, Tchaikovsky Through Others’ Eyes, trans. by Ralph C. Burr, Jr and Robert Bird (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1999)

Poznansky, Alexander and Ralph C. Burr Jr, ‘Tchaikovsky’s Suicide: Myth and Reality’, 19th-Century Music, 11/3 (1988), 199–220

Poznansky, Alexander and Brett Langston, The Tchaikovsky Handbook Volume Two: Catalogue of Letters, Genealogy and Bibliography (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2002)

Strutte, Wilson, Tchaikovsky: His Life and Times (Kent: Midas, 1979)

Taruskin, Richard, ‘Tchaikovsky’, in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians 25, ed. by Stanley Sadie (London: Macmillan, 2nd edn, 2001)

Tchaikovsky, Modest, The Life and Letters of Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, ed. by Rosa Newmarch and Harriet Jeaffreson (Honolulu, Hawaii: University Press of the Pacific, 2004, first edn 1904)

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il’yich, Guide to the Practical Study of Harmony (Minneola, New York: Dover, 2005)

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il’yich, Letters to His Family — An Autobiography, trans. by Galina Von Meck (New York: Stein and Day, 1982)

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il’yich, Polnoe sobranie sochinenii: Literaturnye proizvedeniia i perepiska, vol. v 1848–1875, ed. by E. D. Gershovskim, K. Yu. Davydovoi, and L. Z. Korabel’nikovoi (Moscow: State Musical Publishing House, 1959)

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il’yich, Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, vol. 23, ed. by Anatoly Drozdov and Igor Belza (Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe Muzykal’noe Izdatel’stvo, 1950)

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il’yich, The Diaries of Tchaikovsky, trans. by William Lakond (New York: Norton, 1945)

Vajdman, Polina, Ljudmila Korabel’nikova, and Valentina Rubcova, Thematic and Bibliographical Catalogue of P. I. Tchaikovsky’s Works (Moscow: P. I. Jürgenson, 2006)

Volkoff, Vladimir, Tchaikovsky: A Self-Portrait (Boston: Crescendo, 1974)

Warrack, John, Tchaikovsky (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1973)

Wiley, Roland John, ‘Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il′yich’, Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online.<>

Wiley, Roland John, Tchaikovsky, The Master Musicians Series, ed. by R. Larry Todd (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)

Zajaczkowski, Henry, Tchaikovsky’s Musical Style, ed. by Malcolm Hamrick Brown, Russian Music Studies 19 (London: UMI Research Press, 1987)






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